The possession and/or distribution of sexualised images of anyone under the age of 18 is a criminal offence. Is everyone with me so far? Anyone getting bogged down in the quagmire of International law, or needs clarification on the complexities of good jargon here? No. obliging.
Wikipedia states that around 80% of child sexual abuse images are of girls, and 91% are of children under 12 years of age. It’s estimated that around 100,000 paedophiles are interested in organised child pornography ‘rings’ across the globe, and that 1/3 of these are based in the US.
But where do these images and videos of child sex abuse arrive from? How is it possible for paedophiles to access and distribute such material? How do they continually evade the police, and what are the wider implications?
In a unusual article, published in the Huffington Post, John Carr, one of the world’s leading experts on child protection issues, writes:
‘Not long before the internet arrived in our midst, Interpol claimed to know of only 4,000 modern images of child abuse across the entire planet’a few hundred children were depicted. That’s in the whole of recorded history up to that point, about 1995.’
This year, under the Freedom of Information Act, five UK police forces released figures of the number of child abuse images they had seized between 2010 and 2012. catch a guess. Go on, you know you want to.
26 million images of child sex abuse were seized by five police forces across the UK over a two-year period. To set that in perspective, in England and Wales alone there are 43 police forces.
With the birth of the World Wide Web, came an immediate and drastic increase in the number of child pornography cases. In the United Kingdom alone, figures from 1988 to 2001 saw an increase of 1,500% in recorded child pornography crimes. That was 11 years ago. impartial reflect how lickety-split and how titanic the I.T. industry has grown since then.
The US Department of Justice cites the Internet as ‘massively increasing the “availability, accessibility, and volume of child pornography.”’ As well as, exclusively and ‘radically altering the arrangement child pornography is reproduced and disseminated’ across the world.
A record published by the US Department of Justice reveals that the US alone accounts for over a million children who have been abused in the gain of child pornography. If that statistic wasn’t abominable enough, according to the Internet Crimes Against Children (ICAC) Taskforce, 58% of all victims of child sexual abuse are prepubescent, with infants and children below thirteen years of age increasingly becoming the victims of ever more crueller and more perverse sexual violence, all of which is recorded and then distributed online.
The Child Exploitation and Online Protection Centre (CEOP), who this year warned of a ‘dramatic rise in both volume and severity’ in the number of images piquant children, also part this belief.
As free, readily available online pornography has surged over the last decade, increasing exponentially, and with more and more people watching it more and more often, then inevitably, collectively, society becomes de-sensitized to its effects. unbiased as we have all become, to various levels, de-sensitised to the horrors of war, famine, and people suffering on the news. Admit it. When you first hear a news yarn about a guy who goes postal, your heart bleeds for all the innocent victims, and you feel righteous sympathy and sadness at the futility of violence. But after the 100th time that day you’ve seen the ‘Breaking News’ record, and listened to the same ‘eye witness’ interview over and again, you mentally tune out and initiate thinking about paying bills and ‘Is it too early to originate sending Christmas cards’? What we understanding of as avant garde and risqu?? a few years ago, is now considered run-of-the-mill. The regular stuff fair ain’t workin’ no more. We (society, not me) need our porn harder, dirtier, and with more ‘variety’. Which is exactly what we have now ‘ degrading, violent, exploitative, submissive, and vulgar sex acts, which are now the norm. Well, what’s proper for television news is also suitable for pornography, and child pornography is no exception. Social trends are no respecters of ethical parameters. Hence paedophiles and sexual deviants want their porn younger, more violent, and more low. And that’s exactly what they’re getting. Infants. Toddlers. Five year olds. Six year olds. Boys and girls. honest imagine if the victim was a relative or someone you know. Imagine if the perpetrator was a relative or someone you know. Ask yourself how you assume you might react, and if there’s anything that’s comparable to such an emotive topic as child rape and torture?
Ok. Ok. I went too far unbiased now. My awful. Let’s stick to facts and figures, and trying to reply some of those questions posed at the beginning of this essay. Ahem, I mean blog.
While more research is needed, analysis of one region of data, made available from 34 UK police forces, and highlighting 97 case studies where possession of rude images of children resulted in the identification of physical child sex abuse, revealed that offenders guilty of both crimes are almost exclusively white men. Most of them are between 19-45 years of age, and are either unemployed or work in schools and care homes. While a smaller percentage works in manual and manufacturing industries, professionals such as doctors and lawyers were non-existent in this particular sample.
Identification of paedophiles and child sex offenders remains extremely difficult for the authorities, with petite available data or research regarding offenders and trends. Prosecutions are often equally honest as problematic, as tech-savvy, web-based criminals become increasingly more adept at evading the police. Child sex abuse ‘rings’ acquire elephantine advantage of both the freedoms of the Internet, and its lack of regulation. In fact, there are some who even cite online child sex abuse as fraction of their argument for protecting free speech and a free Internet. Multiple international servers are commonly archaic, transmitting images in fragments, in order to circumvent International laws. Some child pornographers also bypass detection by using malware to illegally get control of other peoples’ computers, on which they remotely store child pornography.
John Carr, in a 2011 article on child pornography, explains further how criminals manage to continually avoid prosecution. He argues that organised, tech-savvy criminal gangs of paedophiles that distribute material on a massive commercial scale, have evolved with the Internet, inviting away from publicly accessible places, and hiding their identities in online file-sharing sites, peer-to-peer networks, and closed, paid-for sites and various ‘niche’ forums. For example, the modern Reddit scandal, where 49 year broken-down Texan, Michael Brutsch, hiding late the username ‘violentacrez’, frail sub sections, or ‘subreddits’ such as “incest”, “chokeabitch” and “creepshot” in order to post coarse images. john Carr went on to say that policing in this field is principally covert and intelligence based.
According to UK police statistics, approximately 55,000 people are actively sharp in the online file-sharing of child sexual abuse images, via peer-to-peer networks.
In Japan, while the production and distribution of child pornography was only made illegal in 1999, possession of child pornography remains a upright upright, and overtly sexualised images of children are an ingrained portion of Japanese culture, with shops nationwide selling material in all formats containing naked and erotic pubescent and pre-pubescent girls. In 2006, Japan had over 16,000 websites portraying child abuse. That was six years ago.
In 2012, The Independent newspaper wrote an article highlighting the whisper of child pornography in Japanese culture, and found DVD’s for sale of adult men having sex with under 12-year-old children. The DVD’s were advertised online.
The paper reports that a government observe carried out in 2010 found that 10% of Japanese men admitted owning child pornography, while approximately 600 cases of child sexual abuse at the hands of child pornographers are recorded every year, with the internet quoted as being the ‘largest factor’, by a Kyoto police spokesperson.
ECPAT International, a global network committed to protecting children from sexual abuse and exploitation, clarify some of the difficulties in pursing these crimes. They argue that while the overwhelming majority of child pornography prosecutions insist IP addresses that are known to have accessed online child pornography, under Japanese law, judges are prohibited from issuing search warrants based on IP address information.
Meanwhile, benefit in the UK, CEOP’s Head of Intelligence, Andy Morling told The Daily Mirror, in their unique special investigation into child pornography, that while reports of child abuse have increased by over 260% in the last two years, government funding in this station is being carve by 10%.
Most material that contains child pornography, is not only a crime in itself, it’s also a characterize of a child being sexual abused. Unfortunately though, the abuse and exploitation doesn’t end there.
A CEOP picture published in June 2012, says ‘there is a wealth of research that illustrates various aspects of the correlation between viewing crude images of children and committing contact child sexual offences.’ According to the picture, the amount of people looking at child pornography, which then goes on to commit true sexual abuse of children, is 55%.
The CEOP picture also states that academic research further supports the claim that ‘anyone who acquire gross images of children, poses a risk of committing contact sexual offences against children.’
A gaze published in the academic textbook, Media, children and the family: Social scientific, psychodynamic, and clinical perspectives, found that ‘between 77 and 87 percent of convicted child sexual offenders dilapidated uncouth images of children to stimulate themselves sexually, to lower the inhibitions of their child victim, or to convey the child to replicate the activity in real-life sexual situations.’
It is extremely difficult to score out and demarcate people who expose interest towards child sexual abuse, and with a lack of available research data, right profiling becomes almost impossible, making the task even harder. However, an article published on October 15, 2012 in The Sydney Morning Herald, seems to wait on UK findings that young white men working in schools are a group representing a higher percentile of probability of committing child sex abuse. The article also highlights the difficulties society faces in identifying these crimes. The describe revealed that a schoolteacher caught downloading and viewing child pornography in 2008 was allowed to continue teaching at the school for three years. It wasn’t until similar allegations were made against the teacher in 2011, that action was taken. But as the original Jimmy Savile child sex abuse scandal shows us, even the most distinguished and seemingly good-hearted and good-natured people, even the most lauded and respected members of society, can turn out to be monsters.
One needs only to deem about the numerous allegations and scandals regarding the Catholic church and young children in their communities, to be reminded that often, too often, those very community leaders, the most trusted and virtuous among us, charged with protecting and educating our innocent young ones, can and do screen shaded and poor secrets. And that without a change in how we tackle this quandary, it’s never going to go away. In fact, on the contrary, all the evidence points to an increase in child sex abuse crimes, not a decrease. We are nowhere arrive finding a solution.
The role of the Internet has deservedly received acclamations, and is recognized as an immensely considerable medium of information and virtue. But we simply cannot ignore the relationship between the web world and the seemingly endless cases of children being sexually abused.
The Internet is the number one situation where images and videos of child sexual abuse exist. But it doesn’t objective display them; it has guided, shaped, influenced, and been the most noteworthy and effective tool in increasing supply, creating inquire of, promoting and advertising, and the distribution of child sex abuse images, and been instrumental, pivitol, in allowing online child pornography to continually evade International laws for over a decade. As well as hiding and protecting the criminals who commit these most appalling of crimes.
It is not simply a case of policing, although more needs to be done by police forces and judicial systems all over the world. As a society, we can no more lock up every sex offender, any more than we can every single drug user, and unbiased as we cannot invade people’s privacies and atomize the law in order to prevent crime.
Online child sex abuse should not enjoy a seat at the cyber-table. Period. And if that means tighter controls, then so be it. Exactly what this means, how to implement it, and in what gain it should prefer, I have no conception, but freedom of speech and the freedom of the Internet close well short of the line separating them from child sexual abuse, and the time has approach to manufacture a decision as to how to choose the disparity between a free and uncensored Internet, and the protection of vulnerable people.